What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis can be said to be the most common cause of the pain that people experience in the heel. The condition is generally due to the inflammation of the thick tissue band that runs on the bottom part of the foot. This band of tissue is responsible for connecting the toes and the heel bone. When one has the condition, they will experience a sharp pain that is similar to that of a stab wound. In most cases, the pain will be felt when taking the very first steps in the morning after waking up. The pain will gradually decrease as you continue walking but it may come back when you sit or stand for a long period of time. If you have this issue call us at Sterling Heights Chiropractor
Plantar fasciitis is most common among people in athletics. People that are at high risk of getting the condition are those that are obese or overweight and those that wear shoes that do not offer adequate support. For people that exercise and workout regularly, the pain occurs after the exercise routines.
Causes of plantar fasciitis
The role of the plantar fascia is to act as a bowstring that absorbs shock and also to offer support to your arch in the foot. When there is too much tension or stress on this bowstring, tears may occur in the fascia region. When there is repeated stretching that results in tearing, the fascia becomes inflamed and irritated, leading to plantar fasciitis. However this is just one cause of the condition, but in most cases, it may be difficult or impossible to accurately point out the cause of the disease. Some of the factors that have been found to contribute to the occurrence of the condition in the body include the following;
When your body weighs more than it can comfortably support, there results in extra pressure in the fascia leading to stretching and tearing that could result in plantar fasciitis.
•Some types of exercises
There are some types of exercises like long distance running, aerobic dancing, and ballet dancing that could place a lot of pressure and stress on the fascia area contributing to the development of the disease.
•Occupation and employment
There are some occupations that may require one to be on their feet for most of the day like teaching and casual labor. Spending most time of the day standing on a hard surface could lead to plantar fasciitis.
•The mechanics of the feet
People that have feet that are abnormally flat, arched or walking pattern are at a higher risk of getting the condition compared to those that have normal feet and walking patterns. This is because these factors play a large part in determining the amount of stress and pressure applied to the plantar fascia.
Diagnosis and treatment of plantar fasciitis
The diagnosis is often based on one’s medical history and physical examination of the area suspected to have the condition. Normally, the doctor will carry out an MRI scan or an X-ray to be sure of the case of the inflammation. This is because the symptom of the plantar fasciitis could be confused with pinching of the nerves, or a fracture in the foot.
The most common way of treating plantar fasciitis is using conservative approaches like recommending bed rests, stretching and even applying ice on the affected region of the foot. Medication can also be administered to help reduce the pain and inflammation on the heel when the conservative measures fail to treat the condition. Therapy is an option that can also be explored when treating plantar fasciitis. Therapy can either be in the form of physical therapy where the doctor recommends some exercises, wearing night splints to correct the arch in the foot and orthotics. Orthotics are arch supports that are custom-made to help in correct distribution of stress and pressure in the foot.
Plantar fasciitis is becoming more and more common among many people today. Even though the condition is easily treatable, it is easier and better to avoid it than to treat it. To reduce your chances of getting plantar fasciitis, you can ensure you maintain a healthy weight, choose shoes that offer adequate support to your feet, and use ice on the feet after strenuous activities. You can also change the sport you play. For instance, you can replace jogging and skipping rope with swimming and cycling.