What is Disc Syndrome?
In the human body, the spinal cord, also known as the vertebral column or simply the backbone, has a total of 33 vertebrae that are separated by discs that are spongy in nature. The spinal cord is divided into 4 major sections which are the cervical spine that includes the first 7 discs that are found in the neck region. The next 12 vertebrae located on the chest region form the other section; the thoracic spine.
The next section is the lumbar spine that has a total of 5 vertebrae that are located in the lower region of the vertebral column. The sacral spine is the last section that contains the last 5 discs and it is located just below the waist to the tailbone. Most of the back problems that people experience are located in the lumbar section especially between the first two discs in this section.
The Causes of lumbar disc syndrome
The lumbar disc syndrome is caused by the structural change of the discs. In most cases, this occurs due to advancing age and degradation that is common at this stage in life. An injury can also be a reason for the development of the disease in the body. This can occur in two major ways; the injury can either cause the disease or it can contribute to its manifestation. As mentioned above, advanced age is the most common reason for lumbar disc disease among most other diseases that affect the joints and bones in the body. However, it is not the only factor that leads to disc syndrome, there are other factors that lead to the disease or contribute to its development including;
•Physical inactivity and lack of exercise
This could result in the formation of weak bones or weakening of the already formed bones in the body. When these bones and muscles are weak, they are not able to offer the required support for the vertebral column leading to the condition.
•Engaging in strenuous activities
This could lead to the change in the position of the discs in the vertebral column leading to disc syndrome.
When a person is involved in a car accident, or in a serious fall, the arrangement of the discs could be altered leading t the occurrence of the disease.
Symptoms of lumbar disc syndrome
The symptoms manifested by people suffering from the disease vary depending on the location of the discs in the vertebral column and which particular nerve root is being pushed by the discs. The most common symptoms that can be used to identify the disease include the following;
•Frequent spasms in the muscles located in the back.
•Continuous and intermittent pain in the back. The pain can be made worse when there is a movement like when walking, laughing, sneezing or standing and bending.
•Weakness of the muscles in the legs.
•Feeling numb in the feet and legs.
Since these symptoms are very common and occur for many other diseases of the joints and bones, it is important to ensure that you consult your doctor when you begin to experience the symptoms.
Diagnosis and treatment of lumbar disc syndrome
The primary diagnosis is done by looking into the history of the patient and the current health condition of the patient. Additional techniques that can be used to diagnose the disease include MRIs, X-rays, myelograms, CT scans, and electromyography. The choice of the technique to use to diagnose the disease is determined by the doctor after considering the specific information about the patient to determine the best approach to use.
In most cases, conservative physiotherapy is the mode of treatment that many people explore. This process involves a combination of the following activities;
•Administration of medicines to give relief to pain.
•Bed rest (for some)
- Chiropractic adjustments including traction
•Physical therapy that includes massages ultrasounds and conditioning sessions.
•Use of the lumbosacral back support.
•Subtle exercises and weight management.
When these activities do not work, the patient may have to undergo surgery to correct the problem, after which they will have to rest and refrain from doing any strenuous activities until they are completely healed.
Even though lumbar disc syndrome occurs mostly in people with advanced age, there are cases of young people with the condition. It is easy and possible to prevent the occurrence of the disease. Some of the things you can do to ensure that you reduce the risk of getting the disease include engaging in regular workout and exercise activities, maintaining good posture when walking and sitting and maintaining a healthy weight. If you have any of these issues or just lower back pain call Sterling Heights Chiropractic Now!