Muscle Spasms – What are they?

The body has different types of muscles that all perform particular functions in the body. The muscles in the body can be broadly categorized into heart muscle pumps, skeletal muscles, and smooth muscles.

However, even though these muscles perform different functions, they can all experience the same challenges when performing their duties. A muscle spasm is one of the conditions that affect all categories of the muscles in the body.

To simply explain what muscle spasms are, one could say that they are involuntary contractions. These contractions often occur very suddenly and randomly and they are often very painful. Many people confuse muscle spasms with muscle twitches.

The difference between the two is that muscle twitches are fine involuntary movements on a segment of muscle that is visible under the skin and they are painless, while the muscle spasms are often not visible under the skin and they are very painful. If you have this on the bottom of your foot, take a look at Plantar Fasciitis Sterling Heights Chiropractor MI.

Causes of muscle spasms

There are very many causes that could lead to muscle spasms and they all depend on the pre-existing conditions of the muscles. For instance, the part of the body the muscle is located, and the type of muscle involved determines whether or not muscle spasm occurs. Muscle spasms can occur when a muscle in the body is overused, strained, or injured on previous activity.

Muscle spasms can also occur when a particular muscle in the body is stretched in the same position for a long time or overstretched for a period of time. When this happens, the cells in the muscles get worn out and they run out of oxygen and energy. They eventually become hyperexcitable leading to a forceful contraction. Muscle spasms can affect a muscle in its entirety or just a small portion of the muscle. Overuse of the muscles could be due to a repeated activity like that of casual laborers in a construction site or athletes.

Signs and symptoms of muscle spasms

The signs and symptoms of muscle spasms depend on the general location of the muscles affected in the body and the category the muscles fall in. the current conditions or recent activities the muscles were involved in also affects the symptom of the muscle spasms that will be manifested. When muscle spasms occur, a slight bulge will be manifested under the skin and it can either be seen or felt in the exact location of the muscle that is affected.

The spasm will mostly resolve spontaneously after some time but it could also last for some time before clearing off. When one is affected by a spasm, they will feel the urge or the need to stretch the muscles in the exact area of the spasm or in the surrounding regions. Stretching will help to ease the pain and facilitate the resolution of the episode.

Diagnosis and treatment

Muscle spasms are common and everyone has experienced them at some point in time. However, when they become too frequent and last for longer periods of time, it is important to consult with the doctor. To diagnose muscle spasms, it is important to consider your history, where and when the spasms began to occur. You can also consider your health history, the sports and work activities you are involved in, the environments, and the general health of your body.

Since the major causes of muscle spasms are electrolyte disturbances and dehydration, it is important to ensure that the body is well dehydrated at all times. For people that work in relatively warm and hot conditions, it is important to ensure that the body is well hydrated before going to work. Warming up the muscles before engaging in strenuous activities can also help to prevent spasms. If these methods of prevention do not help and the spasms occur, anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxers, and narcotics can be administered to give relief.


Muscle spasms are really hard to avoid and they are very common. However, it is important to ensure that you avoid them as much as you can because when they occur too much, they could lead to devastating effects on the body. Above is more information about the causes of muscle spasms, their symptoms, and the diagnosis and treatment. If you will need to use the medications for muscle spasms, ensure that you consult with your doctor first to know your options and which option is the best and safe for you.